AskDefine | Define project

Dictionary Definition

project

Noun

1 any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; "he prepared for great undertakings" [syn: undertaking, task, labor]
2 a planned undertaking [syn: projection]

Verb

1 communicate vividly; "He projected his feelings"
2 extend out or project in space; "His sharp nose jutted out"; "A single rock sticks out from the cliff" [syn: stick out, protrude, jut out, jut]
3 transfer (ideas or principles) from one domain into another
4 project on a screen; "The images are projected onto the screen"
5 cause to be heard; "His voice projects well"
6 draw a projection of
7 make or work out a plan for; devise; "They contrived to murder their boss"; "design a new sales strategy"; "plan an attack" [syn: plan, contrive, design]
8 present for consideration [syn: propose]
9 imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind; "I can't see him on horseback!"; "I can see what will happen"; "I can see a risk in this strategy" [syn: visualize, visualise, envision, fancy, see, figure, picture, image]
10 put or send forth; "She threw the flashlight beam into the corner"; "The setting sun threw long shadows"; "cast a spell"; "cast a warm light" [syn: cast, contrive, throw]
11 throw, send, or cast forward; "project a missile" [syn: send off]
12 regard as objective [syn: externalize, externalise]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • Noun:
    • (Canada): /ˈpɹɑdʒεk̚t/
    • (RP) /ˈpɹəʊʤεkt/ or /pɹɒʤεkt/, /"pr@UdZEkt/ or /"prQdZEkt/
    • (US): /ˈpɻɑʤεkt/
    • Audio (Canada) (noun)
  • Verb:
    • (Canada): /pɹəˈʤεk̚t/
    • (RP): /prəˈʤεkt/, /pr@"dZEkt/
    • (US): /pɻəˈʤεkt/
    • Audio (Canada) (verb)

Etymology

Noun is from projectum and verb is from projectus.

Noun

  1. A planned endeavor, usually with a specific goal and accomplished in several steps or stages.
  2. An urban low-income housing building.

Translations

planned endeavo(u)r
US: urban low-income housing building

Verb

  1. To extend beyond a surface.
  1. To cast (an image or shadow) upon a surface.
  2. To extend (a protrusion or appendage) outward.
  3. To make plans for; to forecast.
    • The CEO is projecting the completion of the acquisition by April 2007.

Synonyms

Translations

extend beyond a surface
cast (image/shadow)
extend outward
make plans for; forecast

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

project n
  1. project (planned endeavo(u)r)

Extensive Definition

. For all other uses, see Project (disambiguation).
A project, as defined in the field of project management, consists of a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a product or service. More generically, the Oxford English Dictionary suggests that business and science projects involve "a collaborative enterprise, frequently involving research or design, that is carefully planned to achieve a particular aim".

Origin

The word project comes from the Latin word projectum from the Latin verb proicere, "to throw something forwards" which in turn comes from pro-, which denotes something that precedes the action of the next part of the word in time (paralleling the Greek πρό) and iacere, "to throw". The word "project" thus actually originally meant "something that comes before anything else happens". When the English language initially adopted the word, it referred to a plan of something, not to the act of actually carrying this plan out. Something performed in accordance with a project became known as an "object". This use of "project" changed in the 1950s with the introduction of several techniques for project management. Use of the word "project" evolved slightly to cover both projects and objects. However, certain projects continue to include so-called objects and object leaders.

Applicability

Contemporary Western business — characterized by a modern matrix organization and a cooperative culturecurrently particularly favors project-based approaches. Authoritarian, bureaucratic organizations with rigid, hierarchical structures show less enthusiasm about project-based work, which may not operate as expected in their environment due to conflicts between different cultures.

Notable projects

With product outcomes

With service outcomes

Other

With unique outcomes

With non-unique outcomes

School Usage

Within public schools in the United States, a project is an assignment given to a student which generally requires a larger amount of effort than normal homework assignments. They can range anywhere from simple written projects to elaborate and well-constructed Science Fair Projects.

Footnotes

project in Bulgarian: Проект
project in Catalan: Projecte (economia)
project in Czech: Projekt
project in Danish: Projekt
project in German: Projekt
project in Spanish: Proyecto
project in Persian: پروژه
project in French: Projet
project in Korean: 프로젝트
project in Italian: Progetto
project in Latvian: Projekts
project in Lithuanian: Projektas
project in Hungarian: Projekt
project in Macedonian: Проект
project in Dutch: Project
project in Japanese: プロジェクト
project in Polish: Projekt (zarządzanie)
project in Portuguese: Projeto
project in Russian: Проект
project in Sicilian: Pruggettu
project in Simple English: Project
project in Slovak: Projekt
project in Slovenian: Projekt
project in Finnish: Projekti
project in Swedish: Projekt
project in Tamil: செயற்றிட்டம்
project in Thai: โครงการ
project in Vietnamese: Dự án
project in Turkish: Proje
project in Chinese: 项目

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

activity, actualize, adumbrate, adventure, affair, aftertime, afteryears, aim, aim at, aller sans dire, ambition, animus, anticipate, approach, arrange, aspiration, aspire after, aspire to, assignment, attempt, await, be after, be destined, be fated, be imminent, be manifest, be no secret, be to be, be to come, beetle, blast off, blueprint, body forth, bristle up, business, busywork, by-and-by, calculate, cast, chare, charge, chart, chore, chuck, circumambulate, cock up, come, come across, come on, commission, commitment, conceive, concern, concert, concoct, conjure up, contemplate, contract, contrive, cook up, counsel, course ahead, crystal ball, cut out, deal, delineate, demonstrate, describe, desideration, desideratum, design, desire, destine, determination, determine, determinism, devise, diagram, discharge, distant future, dope out, draft, draw near, draw on, draw up, drift, drive at, duty, effect, effort, embody, emprise, engagement, enterprise, envisage, envision, errand, estimate, eventuality, exemplify, exercise, expect, expectation, exploit, extend, extend out, exteriorize, externalize, extrapolate, extrude, feat, feature, figure, fire, fish to fry, fixed purpose, fling, forecast, foresee, foreshadow, foresight, foretell, forward look, frame, function, future, future tense, futurism, futurity, game plan, gest, glare, go for, go without saying, hang out, hang over, harbor a design, have every intention, hereafter, homework, hope, hurl, idea, illustrate, image, imagine, immediate future, immediate prospect, imminence, impend, impend over, impersonate, incarnate, intend, intendment, intent, intention, invent, jaculate, job, job of work, jut, jut out, labor, launch, lay plans, layout, lengthen, lie ahead, lob, look for, look forward to, loom, make a projection, make arrangements, make-work, matter, matters in hand, mean, meander, meaning, methodize, mind, mirror, mission, mooch, motive, near, near future, need no explanation, nisus, objectify, obligation, occupation, odd job, offing, operation, organize, outline, outlook, overhang, personate, personify, piece of work, plan, plan ahead, plot, point, poke, poke out, posteriority, pouch, pout, prearrange, predict, prediction, prefigure, prepare, present, pretypify, probability, program, project over, projection, prolong, propel, prophecy, prophesy, proposal, propose, proposition, prospect, prospectus, protrude, protuberate, purport, purpose, put forth, put forward, ramble, range, rationalize, realize, reckon, reflect, resolution, resolve, rove, sake, sauter aux yeux, scenario, schedule, schematize, scheme, screen, see, service, set up, shadow, shadow forth, shape, shoot, shoot out, shoot up, shout, show, speak for itself, stand out, start up, stick out, stick up, stint, straggle, strategy, stray, strike the eye, striving, study, systematize, task, the future, the morrow, the sweet by-and-by, thing, things to do, think, think up, threaten, throw, thrust over, time ahead, time just ahead, time to come, tomorrow, toss, traject, transmit, undertaking, venture, view, vision, visualize, will, work, work out, work up
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